Criminal Justice and Legal Reforms Unit
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The police, prosecution and prisons/probation are all integral institutions which collectively contribute to the criminal justice system. All of them, though function independently, are interdependent for optimal performance in their respective spheres. Reforms targeting only one element may have limited impact, and therefore, require a holistic approach to criminal justice reforms. Moreover, as the criminal justice system functions under well laid-out set of laws, legal frameworks must evolve in line with emerging social and operational challenges including intricate legal procedures, extensive litigation, and prolonged delays.

Recognizing this imperative, the National Police Bureau (NPB) has established the Criminal Justice and Legal Reforms Unit (CJLRU). The unit aims to shape a legal and law enforcement landscape that is not only responsive to contemporary challenges but also committed to the principles of justice, fairness, and the protection of fundamental human rights. The CJLRU is mandated to perform the following functions:


      1. Review existing laws and policies in collaboration with partners in criminal justice, legal experts, policymakers and other relevant stakeholders, to identify gaps and make recommendations;
      2. Develop and update policies and procedures in line with evolving legal standards, best practices, and community needs;
      3. Enhance coordination among the partners in criminal justice, government organizations, civil society, international partners and other relevant stakeholders to identify international best practices;
      4. Organize common training programs for police officers and staff on legal matters, ensuring they are well-informed and equipped to perform duties within the bounds of the law;
      5. Oversee adherence to legal standards, scrutinize cases of alleged misconduct, and propose accountability measures to address and prevent any wrongdoing within the system;
      6. Analyze crime trends, trafficking hotspots, arrests, and case outcomes to propose evidence-based solutions;
      7. Exchange of information and data among the partners in criminal justice.